Nazca Lines of Peru, Etched into the driest desert in the world. The mysterious lines and figures of Nazca in Southern Peru are invisible from the ground.  Thought to have been made by the Nazca people, who flourished between 200 BC and 700 AD, in fact, these huge drawings were not discovered until the 1930s. The Nazca Lines include straight lines and geometric shapes as well as stylized depictions of animals, humans and plants. The figures include: monkey, condor, round-headed human (known as “the astronaut”), another human figure, spider, hummingbird, hands, tree.


Puma Punku is the name of a large temple complex located near Tiwanaku, in Bolivia, and is part of a larger archaeological site known as Tiahuanacu. According to the local myths, Puma Punku is related to the Gods and the time of the first creation. The legend states that the first inhabitants had supernatural powers and were able to move stones from the ground and carry them through the air using sounds. The Inca tribes accept those legends and deny that their ancestors built it. The most intriguing thing about Puma Punku is the stonework. The red sandstone and andesite stones were cut in such a precise way that it’s as if they were cut using a diamond tool, and they can fit perfectly into and lock with each other.  Another phenomenon of engineering is that each stone weighs up to 800 tons.


Machu Picchu or Machu Pikchu is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. The earliest examples of intentionally deformed skulls in the Americas were found in Peru and date to between 7000 and 6000 BCE. The cranium of the Paracas skulls are at least 25 % larger and up to 60% heavier than the skulls of regular human beings. Researchers firmly believe that these traits could not have been achieved through head bindings as some scientists suggest. The Paracas skulls are anything but ordinary (see below).